**Instructions:**

- Enter the Old Value and New Value.
- Click "Calculate Percentage Change" to calculate the percentage change.
- The result and calculation details will be displayed.
- You can also copy the result to the clipboard using the "Copy Results" button.
- Your calculation history will be displayed below.
- To clear the results or history, use the respective buttons.

**Calculation History**

## What is Percentage Change?

Percentage change is a measure used to express the relative difference between two values as a percentage. It is commonly used to quantify how much a quantity has changed or to compare two values in terms of their relative increase or decrease.

## All Formulae Related to Percentage Change

Percentage change is a measure that quantifies the relative difference between two values as a percentage. The formula for calculating percentage change is as follows:

**Percentage Change = [(New Value – Old Value) / |Old Value|] x 100%**

Where:

**Percentage Change:**The percentage by which the value has changed.**New Value:**The updated or current value.**Old Value:**The initial or previous value.- The absolute value (denoted by | |) is used to ensure that the result is always positive. If the new value is greater than the old value, the percentage change is positive, indicating an increase. If the new value is smaller than the old value, the percentage change is negative, indicating a decrease.

Here are some additional formulae and variations related to percentage change:

**Percentage Increase:**To calculate the percentage increase from an old value to a new value, use the following formula:**Percentage Increase = [(New Value – Old Value) / |Old Value|] x 100%**This formula gives you the percentage by which the value has increased.**Percentage Decrease:**To calculate the percentage decrease from an old value to a new value, use the same formula:**Percentage Decrease = [(Old Value – New Value) / |Old Value|] x 100%**This formula gives you the percentage by which the value has decreased.**Percentage Point Change:**Percentage points represent the absolute difference in percentage terms between two values. To calculate the percentage point change, simply subtract the old percentage from the new percentage:**Percentage Point Change = New Percentage – Old Percentage**This formula gives you the difference in percentage points between the two values.**Percentage Change between Non-Consecutive Values:**If you want to calculate the percentage change between values that are not consecutive (e.g., the change between a value three months ago and a value today), use the following formula:**Percentage Change = [(Current Value – Previous Value) / |Previous Value|] x 100%**In this case, the “Previous Value” represents the value from the past.**Percentage Change between Consecutive Values:**To calculate the percentage change between consecutive values in a time series (e.g., month-to-month or year-to-year change), you can use this formula:**Percentage Change = [(Current Value – Previous Value) / |Previous Value|] x 100%**In this formula, the “Previous Value” represents the value from the previous time period, and the “Current Value” is the value from the current time period.

## Practical Uses of Percentage Change Calculator

A percentage change calculator is a practical tool used in various fields and everyday situations where quantifying and understanding relative differences between values is essential. Here are practical uses of a percentage change calculator:

**Financial Analysis:**- Investors use it to calculate the percentage change in stock prices or investment returns over time.
- Financial analysts use it to assess changes in company revenues, profit margins, and financial ratios.

**Retail and Sales:**- Retailers use it to analyze sales performance by calculating the percentage change in sales figures.
- Sales professionals use it to measure the impact of promotions and discounts on revenue.

**Economics and Market Trends:**- Economists use it to study economic indicators and assess changes in inflation rates, GDP growth, and unemployment rates.
- Market analysts use it to analyze market trends and the percentage change in various economic indices.

**Education and Grading:**- Teachers and educators use it to calculate the percentage change in students’ test scores and grades over time.
- Students use it to track their academic progress.

**Health and Fitness:**- Individuals use it to measure percentage changes in weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), and fitness levels.
- Healthcare professionals use it to assess changes in patients’ health parameters.

## Applications of Percentage Change Calculator in Various Fields

A percentage change calculator finds applications in various fields where understanding and quantifying relative differences between values is crucial. Here are applications of a percentage change calculator in different fields:

**Finance and Investment:**- Calculate percentage changes in stock prices, investment returns, and portfolio performance.
- Analyze changes in interest rates, bond yields, and financial market indices.

**Business and Economics:**- Assess changes in company revenues, profit margins, and expenses.
- Analyze economic indicators like inflation rates, GDP growth, and unemployment rates.

**Retail and Sales:**- Evaluate the impact of sales promotions and discounts on revenue.
- Track changes in sales figures and market share.

**Education and Grading:**- Measure the improvement or decline in students’ test scores and grades.
- Assess changes in academic performance over time.

**Health and Fitness:**- Monitor changes in weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), and fitness levels.
- Evaluate progress in health and fitness goals.

**Real Estate and Property Values:**- Determine changes in property prices and assess housing market trends.
- Calculate property appreciation or depreciation rates.

**Marketing and Advertising:**- Measure changes in website traffic, click-through rates, and conversion rates.
- Assess the effectiveness of advertising campaigns.

**Investment Planning:**- Evaluate the impact of investment decisions on portfolio performance.
- Set investment goals based on expected percentage returns.

**Environmental Studies:**- Analyze changes in pollution levels, habitat coverage, and conservation efforts.
- Study temperature and climate change trends.

**Quality Control and Manufacturing:**- Monitor changes in defect rates and product quality.
- Evaluate improvements in production efficiency and processes.

## Benefits of Using the Percentage Change Calculator

Using a percentage change calculator offers several benefits in various fields and everyday situations where you need to quantify and understand relative differences between values. Here are the key advantages of using a percentage change calculator:

**Accuracy:**Percentage change calculators provide precise and error-free calculations, reducing the risk of manual calculation errors.**Time Savings:**They save time compared to manual calculations, especially for complex or repetitive percentage change calculations.**Ease of Use:**Percentage change calculators are user-friendly and require minimal effort to obtain accurate results, making them accessible to individuals of all mathematical proficiency levels.**Consistency:**Calculators ensure consistent and standardized calculations, reducing variability in results.**Efficiency:**Professionals can work more efficiently by quickly obtaining percentage change values for analysis and decision-making.

## References

- “
**Understanding and Interpreting Percentage Change” (2022)**by the American Statistical Association (ASA) - “
**The Impact of a 10% Change in Interest Rates on the Housing Market: A Case Study” (2020)**by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Last Updated : 27 February, 2024

Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.

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