**Instructions:**

- Select the inverse trigonometric function you want to calculate from the dropdown menu.
- Enter a value in the "Enter a value" field.
- Click the "Calculate" button to calculate the result.
- The result, detailed calculation, and formula used will be displayed below.
- Your calculation history will be listed in the "Calculation History" section.
- Click "Clear" to reset the calculator or "Copy Result" to copy the result to the clipboard.

**Calculation Details:**

**Calculation History:**

## What are Inverse Trigonometric Functions?

In the fascinating world of trigonometry, **inverse trigonometric functions** (also called **arc functions**) are the heroes who undo the work of their more famous counterparts – the regular trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, tangent, etc.). They basically ask the question: “Given a trigonometric ratio (like “opposite over hypotenuse”), what angle produced that ratio?”

Here’s the breakdown:

**Regular trigonometric functions:**They take an angle as input and give you a trigonometric ratio as output. For example, sine of 30 degrees is 0.5.**Inverse trigonometric functions:**They do the opposite. You give them a trigonometric ratio as input, and they spit out the angle that corresponds to that ratio. For example, the inverse sine of 0.5 is 30 degrees.

Here are the most common inverse trigonometric functions and their notations:

**arcsin(x):**also written as asin(x) or sin^(-1)(x), it finds the angle whose sine is x.**arccos(x):**also written as acos(x) or cos^(-1)(x), it finds the angle whose cosine is x.**arctan(x):**also written as atan(x) or tan^(-1)(x), it finds the angle whose tangent is x.

## Key Aspects of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Inverse trigonometric functions, also known as arctrigonometric functions or arc functions, are the inverses of the basic trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, tangent, etc.). Essentially, they undo the work of their counterparts, taking a trigonometric ratio as input and returning the corresponding angle.

Here are some key aspects of inverse trigonometric functions:

**1. Notation and Naming:**

Each inverse trigonometric function has its own notation and name:

**arcsin(x):**also written as asin(x) or sin^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose sine is x.**arccos(x):**also written as acos(x) or cos^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose cosine is x.**arctan(x):**also written as atan(x) or tan^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose tangent is x.**arccot(x):**also written as acot(x) or cot^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose cotangent is x.**arcsec(x):**also written as asec(x) or sec^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose secant is x.**arccsc(x):**also written as acsc(x) or csc^(-1)(x), finds the angle whose cosecant is x.

## All Formulae Related to Inverse Trigonometric Functions Calculator

**Relationships between inverse trigonometric functions:**

- sin⁻¹(x) + cos⁻¹(x) = π/2
- tan⁻¹(x) + cot⁻¹(x) = π/2
- sec⁻¹(x) + csc⁻¹(x) = π/2
- tan⁻¹(x) = π/2 – cot⁻¹(x)
- sec⁻¹(x) = π/2 – csc⁻¹(x)

**Formulas using inverse trigonometric functions:**

- sin(sin⁻¹(x)) = x, for -1 ≤ x ≤ 1
- cos(cos⁻¹(x)) = x, for -1 ≤ x ≤ 1
- tan(tan⁻¹(x)) = x, for all real numbers x
- sin⁻¹(-x) = -sin⁻¹(x)
- cos⁻¹(-x) = π – cos⁻¹(x)
- tan⁻¹(-x) = -tan⁻¹(x)
- sin⁻¹(x) + sin⁻¹(y) = sin⁻¹(x√(1-y²) + y√(1-x²)), for x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0, and x² + y² ≤ 1
- cos⁻¹(x) + cos⁻¹(y) = cos⁻¹(xy – √(1-x²)√(1-y²)), for x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0, and x² + y² ≤ 1
- tan⁻¹(x) + tan⁻¹(y) = tan⁻¹((x+y)/(1-xy)), for xy ≠ 1

**Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions:**

- d/dx(sin⁻¹(x)) = 1/√(1-x²)
- d/dx(cos⁻¹(x)) = -1/√(1-x²)
- d/dx(tan⁻¹(x)) = 1/(1+x²)

**Integration of inverse trigonometric functions:**

- ∫ dx/√(1-x²) = sin⁻¹(x) + C
- ∫ dx/(1+x²) = tan⁻¹(x) + C

## Practical Uses of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

The beauty of inverse trigonometric functions lies in their practical applications beyond theoretical calculations. Here are some everyday examples where they shine:

**1. Navigation:**

**Finding your way with GPS:**GPS satellites transmit signals containing their own positions and timestamps. Your receiver uses inverse trigonometric functions (mainly arctangent) to calculate the angles between its position and the satellites, ultimately pinpointing your location on Earth.**Aiming telescopes at celestial objects:**Astronomers employ inverse trigonometric functions to track stars, planets, and other celestial bodies based on their angular positions in the sky.

**2. Engineering and Construction:**

**Designing bridges and buildings:**Engineers utilize inverse trigonometric functions to calculate optimal angles for support beams, trusses, and other structural elements to ensure stability and withstand forces.**Surveying land and measuring distances:**Surveyors use inverse trigonometric functions to analyze the angles between landmarks and calculate distances across uneven terrain.

**3. Robotics and Animation:**

**Programming robot movements:**Inverse trigonometry helps robotics engineers accurately control the joints and limbs of robots, allowing them to move with precision and follow specific trajectories.**Creating realistic character animation:**Animators leverage inverse trigonometric functions to manipulate the limbs and joints of animated characters, mimicking natural human movements and gestures.

**4. Computer Graphics and Visualization:**

**Transforming and rotating objects:**3D modeling software extensively utilizes inverse trigonometric functions to rotate, scale, and translate objects within a virtual space, creating realistic and dynamic scenes.**Calculating camera angles:**Rendering realistic lighting and shadows in computer graphics involves calculations using inverse trigonometric functions to determine the precise position and orientation of virtual cameras.

**5. Everyday Applications:**

**Adjusting the pitch of radio antennas:**Tuning a radio station involves adjusting the antenna’s angle based on the frequency of the desired signal, employing principles of inverse trigonometry.**Tracking the sun for solar panels:**Solar panels can maximize their energy output by tilting towards the sun’s position throughout the day. Inverse trigonometric functions help calculate the optimal angle based on the sun’s location and time of day.

## Benefits of Using the Inverse Trigonometric Functions Calculator

**Here are the key benefits of using an inverse trigonometric functions calculator:**

**1. Accuracy and Efficiency:**

**Handles complex calculations:**Accurately computes inverse trigonometric values for various inputs, eliminating potential errors from manual calculations.**Saves time and effort:**Frees up your time for conceptual understanding and problem-solving, rather than tedious numerical calculations.

**2. Convenience and Accessibility:**

**Available online and offline:**Widely accessible through web-based calculators, scientific calculators, and even smartphone apps.**User-friendly interface:**Typically straightforward to use with clear input fields and output displays, making them accessible to users of various levels.

**3. Specific Features:**

**Degree or radian mode:**Allows you to work seamlessly with different angle measures, ensuring compatibility with various problems and applications.**Multiple inverse functions:**Supports arcsine (sin⁻¹), arccosine (cos⁻¹), arctangent (tan⁻¹), and other less common inverse functions as well.**Advanced options:**Some calculators offer features like graphing, unit conversions, and historical calculations for enhanced functionality.

**4. Educational Purposes:**

**Explore concepts:**Helps learners experiment with inverse trigonometric functions, visualize their graphs, and test their understanding of related concepts.**Check answers:**Provides instant feedback on calculations, enabling students to verify their work and identify any errors.

**5. Practical Applications:**

**Solve real-world problems:**Widely used in engineering, physics, navigation, surveying, computer graphics, and various other fields, making it a valuable tool for practical problem-solving.

## References

Last Updated : 27 February, 2024

Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.

FellisI appreciate the extensive list of formulas related to inverse trigonometric functions. This is a great reference for students and professionals.

Olivia KingI found the breakdown of notation and naming of inverse trigonometric functions to be very helpful and clear.

Courtney HillThe real-life applications of inverse trigonometric functions are truly fascinating. This post provides great insights into their practical uses.

MandersonWhile this post is very educational, the formatting could have been better to make it easier to digest.

Dylan33This article is very informative and enlightening. The section about the practical uses of inverse trigonometric functions is extremely valuable.

Kennedy TomThis article could use more real-life examples to illustrate the applications of inverse trigonometric functions.

EhallThe detailed derivatives and integration of inverse trigonometric functions were explained very clearly in this post.

XmurrayThis is a great in-depth explanation of inverse trigonometric functions. I really appreciate the practical applications section!

Lee JacobWhile the article provides valuable information, I would have liked to see more emphasis on the historical context of inverse trigonometric functions.

James NickI agree, the real-world applications were very interesting to learn about.

YbennettThis article made understanding inverse trigonometric functions much easier, especially with the practical examples provided.